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EMG and NCV Testing in Buffalo

Identifying the Root Cause of Nerve Pain

EMG and NCV testing stands for electromyography and nerve conduction velocity. We recommend this test for patients who are suffering with pain that we believe might be related to the muscles or the nerves. These studies evaluate for injury, muscle disease, nerve roots, peripheral nerves, and nerve conditions of the spine, feet, and hands. In addition to back and neck pain, patients with spinal issues often experience unexplained symptoms, muscle cramping, and weakness. The test helps us determine the causes of this damage and whether the damaged nerves are responsive to treatment. It works by measuring the speed that the electrical impulse travels along the nerve.

The two main parts of this test are a needle exam for muscle testing and a nerve conduction study. During the exam, we apply tiny electrical shocks to the nerve and measure the nerve’s reaction. The patient tends to feel a minor tingling sensation at this time. We insert thin needles in the muscle to test for issues. We are completely sterile and safe throughout this process, using a new and clean needle for each patient and testing only the essential areas. The electrical signals travel from the needle to the EMG machine and this is what we will examine to help identify the underlying cause. During the NCV, we apply patch-like electrodes to the skin over the nerve, which stimulate it. The speed of the electrical signal is assessed and displayed on a screen. This test normally takes between 20 and 90 minutes. It is important to let us know if you are taking a blood-thinning medication or have any kind of blood disorder before undergoing one of these tests.

EMG and NCV testing helps us diagnose and create treatment plans for the following problems:

Peripheral nerve damage

This condition is a result of damage to the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord. It usually causes pain in the hands and feet as well as weakness and numbness. This is an important condition to identify because eliminating the underlying cause can prevent future nerve damage.

Cervical radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy is quite literally a pain in the neck. When a nerve root in the cervical spine becomes inflamed or damaged, the neurological function is impaired. This pain usually begins in the neck and moves down to the arm. We prescribe a combination of therapies for this condition, including physical therapy and immobilization.

Nerve damage in shoulder

Nerve damage in the shoulder is also called axillary nerve dysfunction. Patients with this condition experience a loss of movement or sensation in the shoulder area. Chiropractic care can help with this condition by relieving pressure from the pinched nerve.

Nerve damage in arm

Patients who have nerve damage in the arm experience losses of sensation that can range from the upper arm to the forearm and hand. It can be difficult for a patient to know if they have nerve damage in the arm unless they take an exam like the EMG and NCV test. Chiropractic care can help with nerve damage by removing pressure from the area.

Diabetic nerve damage

Diabetic neuropathy, or diabetic nerve damage, is a type of nerve damage that can happen if you have diabetes. This happens when blood sugar injuries nerves throughout the body and most often damages the legs and feet. We can help with this condition by targeting the affected areas with physical therapy.

Nerve damage in foot

Nerve damage in the foot is characterized by numbness and tingling in the area. Many patients who seek chiropractic care for this nerve damage report significant reduction in symptoms.

Sciatica nerve damage

The most common symptom of sciatica nerve damage is lower back pain. Patients also experience pain in the rear or leg and hip pain with this condition. At Buffalo Chiropractic, Acupuncture & Physical Therapy, PLLC, we may utilize spinal manipulations to help take pressure off the nerve.

Nerve damage in leg

When nerves in the leg can be compressed due to trauma, the result for the patient is nerve damage, which comes with numbness and weakness. In addition to spinal adjustments, we can recommend other physical therapy options to help with this condition.


Radiculopathy occurs when there is a compressed nerve in the spine. The condition can present itself in any area of the spine, but most commonly happens in the lower back. Chiropractic adjustments can help with radicular symptoms by restoring the proper flow of nerve signals.

Ulnar nerve damage

The ulnar nerve is the nerve that travels down the arm to the wrists, hands, and fingers. Ulnar nerve damage, or ulnar neuropathy, happens when this particular nerve is damaged. Patients with the condition tend to experience “pins and needles” sensations in those areas. Manipulation and soft tissue mobilization has been shown to help reduce these symptoms and bring relief to patients.

Carpal tunnel syndrome

This condition is notorious because it is becoming more and more common. This occurs when pressure is placed on the median nerve, causing symptoms in the hand. Chiropractic manipulation can alleviate this pressure and improve the healing process for patients with this condition.

As you can see, EMG and NCV testing can help us diagnose a wide range of conditions and ultimately help provide relief for your conditions. To schedule a consultation with us or learn more about these tests, call us at (716) 215-2655 or contact us online.

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